A resistor is a passive electronic component that we use in electronic circuits either to limit current through an active component or to reduce voltage in the circuit (by dropping voltage across the resistor).Resistance values is called Ohm.
There are two types of resistors;
They are also classified according to the material from which they are made.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify and switch electronic signals and electrical power. It is composed of semiconductor material with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit. A voltage or current applied to one pair of the transistors terminals changes the current flowing through another pair of terminals., a transistor can amplify a signal. found embedded in integrated circuits.
Transistor are electrical device, which utilize a sandwich of p and n type of semi conductor materials.
It can be NPN or PNP types
It has got 3 parts :
One of the n type at the left is emitter
Right is collector
And central p type is the base
What is the function of a diode in a circuit?
Main functions. The most common function of a diode is to allow an electric current to pass in one direction (called the diode’s forward direction), while blocking current in the opposite direction (the reverse direction). Thus, the diode can be viewed as an electronic version of a check valve.
A device that stores electrons. The basic capacitor is made up of two conductors separated by an insulator or dielectric.
Depending on how the capacitor is built, the dielectric can be made of paper, plastic, mica, ceramic, glass, a vacuum or any other such non conductive material.
Capacitor come in variety of sizes, shapes, models, or if you so desire they can be manufactured by your specifications.
The value of a capacitor can vary from a fraction of a pico-Farad to more than a micro Farad. Voltage levels can range from a couple to a substantial couple of hundred thousand volts.
What is inductor?
Inductors are simply coils of wire.
Inductance is the ability of a coil to establish (or induce) a voltage within itself to oppose changes in current through its windings.
That means when varying current flows through a coil, a voltage is induced within the coil in a direction so as to oppose the change of current through it
Inductance is measured in Henry(s).
A Henry is a measure of the intensity of the magnetic field that is produced.
Typical inductor values used in electronics are in the range of milli Henry (1/1000) and micro Henry (1/1,000,000)
Like capacitors, inductors temporarily store energy.
Unlike capacitors: Inductors store energy in a magnetic field, not an electric field. When the source of electrons is removed, the magnetic field collapses immediately.
The amount of inductance is influenced by a number of factors:
One of the major applications come in from “mutually coupled” coils where the magnetic field established in one coil, ‘cuts’ through the other coil and hence induces a voltage in the other coil. This is called ‘mutual inductance1. Such coils are widely used in transformers